Everything that you need to know about malware, they intrude onto devices generally by malicious apps,emails and public Wi-Fi etc.
Malware is an encompassing term for any and each destructive/parasitic software package intentionally designed to elicit harm to your server, Pc, network or phone.
Mischievous software, that are installed on an electronic device unknowingly & performs criminal actions for a 3rd-party, tries to steal personal information or make money off the user. They interfere onto our devices through:
- Malicious apps
- Public Wi-Fi
- No proper end to end encryption
- Unused or inactive apps
- Unused or stolen devices
- IoT mobile security
- No proper password protection
- Using default passwords.
Spyware or Malware method is generally implemented for ransomware crimes where systems, encrypted from the user-end, exploit them by demanding ransom for decryption keys or else losing of the information is the only possible way. Some name of the malware removal tools are- Malware-Bytes & Hitman-Pro. In case of decryption process, you may find the decryption technique at www.nomoreransom.org.
Types of Malware:
- A worm is a harmful program that appears like a real programme & is usually downloaded onto devices unknowingly by users.
- A virus is independent & duplicates itself. It contains code that copies itself into another files on the system. Viruses(unwanted code or program) might disguise within the code of actual program.
- Moreover A worm is self-replicating but it copies itself into totally different computers within the network.
Different types of spyware
- The Trojan phase:- 1st, a user opens an email with the topic line ‘you got a match’. A User downloads the attachment & ‘you got a match’ is definitely an executable file.
- The virus phase: This spyware malware gets installed whenever a user clicks/tap on the executable file.
- The worm phase: This spyware malware, making it likely every ping a user gets an annoying ad notification instead of a message from a possible date.
New Joker malware attack:
Joker malware has now been reported again after September-2019 with 2-variants in June-2020 : Dropper and Premium Dialer spyware. They have been discovered in Play Store, hiding inside of different legitimate Android apps.
The malware is known for its ability to sneak into a user’s device & ask for contact access & manages to take phone call permissions as well. Joker malware subscribes to paid subscriptions without your permission . It steals your data from SMS or messages & picks up OTP to authenticate payments.
If you are Android phone user, avoid using free apps such as: Scanner,alarm, memory games, cache removers, wall papers, app locks, image converters, Torch Lite, SMS, love messages, translation apps & also check your mobile & credit card bills to check if you have been signed up for any subscriptions & unsubscribe.
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Best Tips to be safe :
- Update your OS & apps regularly : Update device software as improvements are made to increase security & eliminate weaknesses.
- Lock your devices : Your device may contain sensitive business & personal information. So implement fingerprint scanning & facial identification or a 4to6 digit passcode to unlock your device
- Use built-in mobile device management features : Implement Find My iPhone & Android’s Find My Device, which will be useful to delete data or information if phone’s lost.
- utilize the Wi-Fi & Bluetooth wisely : Free public Wi-Fi connection in areas such as- in cafes, airports,shopping centres, parks or gyms is often very less secure. It’s also a good plan or idea to enable Bluetooth & Wi-Fi only whenever in-use.
- Use 2-factor authentication wherever possible : Use 2-factor authentication (2FA), it requires an additional step & this feature can help you be secure from getting compromised.
- Manage device app permissions : Revoke permissions when not required such as- access to the microphone, the camera, your contacts & location when not in use. For iPhones, go to Settings and tap on Privacy but for Android users can find app permissions in the Application Manager.
- scam emails : We shouldn’t click on links in promotional emails, short links, or open suspicious attachments or run updates that are prompted through any email. Please check the email headers carefully before you respond.
- Back up your device data : For an Android phone, make sure “Back up my data” & “Automatic restore” are enabled in the settings & then sync your data with Google, For an Apple iPhone, go the settings & then back up to iCloud
- Use an antivirus app : Antivirus apps such as- Avast, McAfee,Norton & ESET can help you to overcome any possible threats
- Install apps from known store :Install apps only from App-Store for iPhones & from Play-store for Android Phones
Malware scanner or removal app for Android & iOS device
They are as follows: